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Pacific Islands or Oceania, the more than 25,000 islands and islets of 25 nations and territories spread over the western and central Pacific Ocean. Although the Pacific Islands are scattered across millions of square kilometers, their total land area is just 1,261,456 sq km (487,051 sq mi)slightly larger than South Africa, slightly smaller than Peru, and four-fifths the size of Alaska. Buy Australia Calling Cards securely online with your credit card and receive your PINs instantly! The islands of New Guinea, New Zealand, and Hawaii constitute 93 percent of the land area, while the remaining thousands of islands have a total land area of 89,339 sq km (34,494 sq mi), slightly less than the American state of Indiana. New Guinea, shared by the Indonesian province of Papua (formerly Irian Jaya) and the nation of Papua New Guinea, is the second largest island in the world, after Greenland. New Zealand’s South Island and North Island, Oceania’s next largest islands, are the world’s 12th and 14th largest islands, respectively.
The Pacific Islands are usually divided into three subregions: Melanesia (the prefix mela, meaning dark or black, refers to the dark complexion of many Melanesian people), Micronesia (the prefix micro, meaning small, refers to the small size of Micronesia’s islands and atolls), and Polynesia (the prefix poly, meaning many, refers to the many islands of Polynesia).
Melanesia stretches in a 5600-km (3500-mi) arc off the northern and eastern coast of Australia. From northwest to southeast, Melanesia includes New Guinea, lying just north of Australia; the Bismarck Archipelago, belonging to Papua New Guinea; smaller archipelagos of Papua New Guinea; the Solomon Islands, some of which belong to Papua New Guinea but most of which are part of the nation of Solomon Islands; the many islands of the nation Vanuatu; the islands of New Caledonia and Dependencies, a French territory; and the Fiji Islands (an island nation commonly known as Fiji).
Australia And Oceania Info
Index of Oceanian political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments and Media.
Australia And Oceania News
Insude Oceania news and information source about the region, country profiles, articles, latest events coverage, photo report, travel advisory and more.
Map of Australia Oceania